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教师招聘考试中学英语阅读理解题技巧

发表时间:2014/5/16 21:44:27 来源:互联网 点击关注微信:关注中大网校微信

中学教师招聘考试备考指导之英语阅读理解题解题技巧

一. 事实询问题

此类题型的问题以what、who、which、when、where、how或why等词引导,就文中某句、某段或某一具体细节设问并要求考生回答:如:

The Internet can show you a lot of jobs all over the world. If you want to find a job on the Internet, use the words "job search"or"employment"to find the websites you need.

( )What does the passage tell you to do first if you want to find a job on the Internet?

A. To type in "job search"to find the websites

B. To write a good resume

C. To prepare for an interview

D. To get an English dictionary

这是一道典型的事实询问题,因为它的答案可以直接从文段中找到。根据第二句话,可以得知A为正确答案。

解这类题的主要方法是:1. 明确题意。2. 寻找答案来源。3. 找准关键词。4. 反复阅读。

二. 推理判断题

既要求学生透过文章表面文字信息推测文章隐含意思,又要求学生对作者的态度、意图及文章细节的发展作正确的推理判断,力求从作者的角度去考虑,不要固守自己的看法或观点。这类试题常以如下句式发问:

What can you conclude(下结论)from this passage?

What's the author's attitude(态度)towards...?

We can infer from the passage that...

Which statement is ( not ) true?

做这类题要求考生在阅读同时,抓住文章的主题和细节,分析文章结构,根据上下文内在联系,挖掘文章的深层含义。其次,对于暗含在文章中的人物的行为动机、事件中的因果关系及作者未言明的倾向、意图、态度、观点等要进行合乎逻辑的判断、推 理、分析,进一步加强理解,抓住实质性的东西。如:

Once there was something wrong with a machine in a factory. The workers could do nothing but turn to a German engineer for help, who drew a line on it and said, "Take off the part where the line is and change it for a new one."The machine, with a new line on, began running well again. The engineer then asked for $ 30,000 for what he had done. The following were what he wrote on a bill, "The new part only costs one dollar, and knowing where the problem with the machine is costs $ 29,999."

( )What can you conclude from this passage?

A. the engineer asked for too much money

B. the workers should pay the money

C. the knowledge is worth money

D. the new part could cost more

这篇短文是作者讲的一个故事,那么通过这个故事我们可以判断出什么呢?虽然作者没有言明,但是我们可以断定,发现问题的所在需要智慧和知识,知识是创造价值的源泉,因此此题的正确答案应为C。

三. 数据推算题

此题要求学生就文章提供的数据,以及数据与文中其他信息的关系做简单计算和推断。

Visit Swansea Zoo

Come and see the Indian elephants and the new tigers from America. The bears are waiting to meet you, and the monkeys from China are waiting to throw things at you. The lovely dogs from Australia are waiting to laugh at you, and the giraffes from Zambia are waiting to look down on you.

Tickets Opening time

Grown-ups: $ 3 9:00 am --- 4:00 pm

Children: Over 122 except Friday

Under 12: Free 10:00 am -- 3:00 pm

( )1. How much does Mr Smith have to pay if he visits the zoo with his s***** of fourteen and ten?

A.$2.00 B.$5.00 C.$4.00 D.$3.00

( )2. Which of the following is the visiting time?

A. 8:30 am, Wed B. 9:30 am, Fri

C. 3:00 pm, Sun D. 4:00 pm, Tue

做此类题一要抓住有关的数据,二要从众多的信息中找出那些有用的信息,三要抓住一些关键词。实际上,上述两题都可看作数据推算题,一题是算钱,另一题是算时间。

通过阅读我们发现布告中的所有数据都是有用的,那么关键词是:grown-ups, children, over 12, under 12, opening time, except Friday。第一题中Mr Smith是成人,须买3块钱的门票,他一个14岁的儿子需买2块钱的门票,另一个不满12岁的儿子可免票,所以Mr Smith先生需花5块钱,B是正确答案。第二题C是正确答案。

(责任编辑:liushengbao)

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