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Thefollowing paragraphs are given in a wrong order for Questions 21-25, you arerequired to reorganize these paragraphs into a coherent article by choosingfrom the list A-G to fill in each numbered box. The first and the lastparagraphs have been placed for you in Boxes. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET1. (10 points)

[A] If you are in the frightening position of waking in the middle of thenight and think you can hear an intruder, then on no account should youapproach the intruder. Far better to telephone the police and wait for help.

[B] But what could happen if, in spite of the aforementioned precautions, aburglar or intruder has decided to target your home. Windows are usually thefirst point of entry for many intruders. Downstairs windows provide easy accesswhile upstairs windows can be reached with a ladder or by climbing up thedrainpipe. Before going to bed you should double-check that all windows andshutters are locked. No matter how small your windows may be, it is surprisingwhat a narrow gap a determined burglar can manage to get through. For extrasecurity, fit window locks to the inside of the window.

[C] The first fact is that burglars and other intruders prefer easyopportunities, like a house which is very obviously empty. This is much less ofa challenge than an occupied house, and one which is well-protected. A burglarwill wonder if it is worth the bother. There are some general tips on how toavoid your home becoming another crime statistic. Avoid leaving signs that yourhouse is empty. When you have to go out, leave at least one light on as well asa radio or television, and do not leave any curtains wide open. The sight ofyour latest music center or computer is enough to tempt any burglar.

[D] A sobering fact is that not all intruders have to break and enter into aproperty. Why go to the trouble of breaking in if you can just knock and beinvited in? Beware of bogus officials or workmen and, particularly if you areelderly, fit a chain and an eye hole so you can scrutinize callers at yourleisure. When you do have callers never let anybody into your home unless youare absolutely sure they are genuine. Ask to see an identity card, for example.

[E] What about entry via doors? Your back door and patio doors, which areeasily forced open, should have top quality security locks fitted. Even thoughthis is expensive it will be money well spent. Install a burglar alarm if youcan afford it as another line of defence against intruders.

[F] A recent survey of crime statistics shows that we are all more likely tobe burgled now than 20 years ago and the police advise everyone to take a fewsimple precautions to protect their homes.

[G] Never leave a spare key in a convenient hiding place. The first place aburglar will look is under the doormat or in a flower pot and even somewheremore imaginative could soon be uncovered by the intruder. It is much saferto leave a key with a neighbour you can trust. But if your house is in a quiet,desolate area be aware that this will be a burglars dream, so deter any potentialcriminal from approaching your house by fitting security lights to the outsideof your house.[526 words]


F→21 →22 →23 →24 →25 →A


at your leisure 有空时,方便时例:Take the leaflets home and readthem at your leisure.把这些宣传册拿回家,闲暇时慢慢看。

break in *①强行闯入(以行窃)例:Burglars had broken in while wewere away on holiday. 我们外出度假时, 小偷闯入屋内行窃。② to make a person or animal get used to a certain way of behavior orworking使(人或动物)习惯于某种行为或工作,使驯服,训练成为例:Dont worry about doing the accounts,well break you in gently.别担心会计工作,我们会让你慢慢熟悉的。③打断,插嘴(后常跟介词on)例:Please dont break in on our conversation.请不要打断我们的谈话。

double-check vi.&vt.复查,复核(以确认某事);double可同名词、动词、形容词等词类构成复合词,表示“两倍的(地),双重的(地),重复的(地)”如:doubleact n.一起演出的两个演员,doublebook v. 重复预订(同一座位),doubledigit a. 两位数的

intruder n. *①非法闯入者(常指小偷)② sb. who is in a place where theyare not wanted不请自来者例:an unwelcomeintruder 不受欢迎的不速之客

on no account/not on any account 决不可以;切莫例:On no account should we cut down the outturn.我们决不可以把产量降低。/ Don t on any account leave theprisoner unguarded. 这个囚犯决不能没人看守。

sobering a. making you feel serious使觉得严肃的;使清醒的例:a sobering thought 严肃的思想 / The bad news had a soberingeffect.这坏消息有令人头脑清醒的效果。


aforementioned a.上述的,前述的

bogus a.假冒的,伪造的

deter a. 使不敢做,吓住,阻止,制止

patio a.(与房屋相连并铺有石头地面的、做户外歇息用的)露台,平台




F段内容概括:通过犯罪记录调查和警察的建议(a survey of crime statistics, the police advise),引出下文对防盗方法的介绍(a few simple precautions)。

二、第二至末段为第二部分,分析问题 + 解决问题。


1. C段、G段谈论自己的房子尚未引起窃贼注意的时候房主应采取的预防措施。

C段内容概括:介绍一个预防策略:不要让盗贼知道家里没人。前三句分析窃贼的作案心理:容易对没人在的房子下手,避免不必要的麻烦(prefer easy opportunities, wonderif it is worth the bother)。其中作者比较了“没人的房子(very obviously empty)”和“有人住或保护充分的房子(occupied house, well protected)”的不同。第四句是过渡句,引出下文对预防措施的介绍(some general tips)。第五句提出相应的策略:不要留下家里没人的迹象(avoid leaving signs)。第六句举例说明具体的做法:外出时至少亮一盏灯、打开收音机或电视机、拉上所有的窗帘(leave at least one light on aswell as a radio or television, and do not leave any curtains wide open)。末句分析了最后一种做法的好处:避免窃贼偷看到你的音乐器材或电脑之类的具有诱惑力的财物(the sight of... is enough to temptany burglar)。

连贯性:C段首句的序数词the first承接上文,并引出本段内容,the first的使用是段落间连贯性的体现。第二句的代词this回指上句中的a house which is very obviouslyempty,this的使用是段内句子间连贯性的体现。

G段内容概括:介绍两个预防措施:将备用钥匙留给可信赖的人;安装保险灯。前三句围绕钥匙的放置地点展开论述。首句批判一种不当的做法:把备用钥匙放在方便隐藏的地方(leave a spare key in a convenienthiding place);第二句分析原因:很容易被窃贼发现(the first place a burglar will look, couldsoon be uncovered);第三句提出正确的做法:将备用钥匙留给可信赖的邻居(with a neighbour you can trust)。末句介绍第二种措施。首先分析窃贼的作案心理:喜欢去地处偏僻地区的房子行窃(house in a quiet, desolate area),接着提出相应的预防措施:安装保险灯以阻止罪犯接近(deter any criminal fromapproaching by fitting security lights)。


2. B段、E段、D段介绍被窃贼盯上后房主应该采取的预防措施。其中B段、E段介绍防止窃贼破门/ 窗而入的措施,D段介绍防止窃贼按其他方式入室的措施。

B段内容概括:介绍防止窃贼破窗而入的两个措施:确保所有的窗户和百叶窗都关好;安装窗锁。首句承接上文谈论的几种措施(in spite of the aforementionedprecautions),并引出下文提出的其他措施(what could happen)。第二至五句围绕“关好窗户”这个预防措施展开论述。第二、三句分析窗户容易成为窃贼的入口(the first point of entry, provideeasy access, can be reached with...);第四句提出相应的防盗措施:检查是否将所有的窗户和百叶窗都关好(doublecheck that all the windows andshutters are locked)。第五句递进强调窗户是窃贼入室的通道(a determined burglar can mange to get through);末句提出进一步的预防措施:在窗户里面安装窗锁(fit window locks)。



E段内容概括:介绍防止破门而入的两个措施:给后门和天井门安装高质量的防盗锁;安装防盗报警器。该段采用设问的方式:首句提出问题(What about entry via doors?),后面部分给予回答。第二、三句介绍第一种预防措施(should have top quality securitylocks fitted),并指出它尽管贵却是值得的(expensive, money well spent);末句递进指出第二种附加的预防措施(install a burglar alarm as anotherline of defence)。



D段内容概括:介绍防止窃贼假冒他人身份入室的措施。首句承接上文,指出窃贼不一定都采取破门/窗而入的手段(not all intruders have to breakand enter)。第二句衔接第一句,指出一种新的入室方法:敲门被邀请进入(knock and be invited in)。后三句介绍相应的预防措施:①警惕假冒分子(beware of bogus);②安装链子和视孔仔细观察来访者(fit a chain and an eye hole toscrutinize callers);③确认来访者的真实身份(be sure that they are genuine, see anidentity card)。

连贯性:该段首句的asobering fact与C段段首的the first fact遥相呼应。关键词fact的重复使用是段落间连贯性的体现。此外,该句中“break and enter into a property”与上文(B、E段)的内容形成了很好的衔接。

3. A段内容概括:介绍窃贼真正来临时房子主人的应对措施:不要接近窃贼,要打电话叫警察(on no account should you approachthe intruder,far better to telephone the police)。

连贯性:B段首句中的if引出被窃贼盯上后的状况;A段段首的if引出窃贼真正来临的情况,两个if遥相呼应。此呼应现象是段落间连贯性的体现。比较级far better to 引导的祈使句与上句形成对比。比较级的使用是段内句子间连贯性的体现。




[B]尽管做了充分的预防措施,盗窃者仍然把目标对准了你家。在这种情况下该怎么应付。(在阅读该段的时候考生应该着重阅读第一句话But what could happen if, in spiteof the aforementioned precautions...)

[C]盗窃者更青睐一些容易的机会,比如那些显然没人在的房子,因此避免留下迹象表明你家中无人。(考生应该注意:从该段第一句话的主语the first fact这一表示次序的词可以初步断定该段应该是作者所分析问题或者提出建议部分的第一个段落。)








21[精解]答案C对于问题型文章,考生首先要找出“问题”所在。通读要求排出正确顺序的五个段落,每个段落都包含了一个问题和具体的解决方案,这无疑增加了考生解答问题的难度。但是既然所有段落都包含问题,就应该由问题的轻重程度入手。其中[C]段首句的主语是the first fact(第一个事实是……),通过序数词first可以推断该段落应该为诸多问题中作者第一个提到的,因此紧跟在文章首段之后。



24和25[精解]答案E、D分析[D]段和[E]段的关系,[E]段谈论的是门的问题,[D]段讲述的是一个更为严肃的事实,即在盗窃者不破门而入时更应该谨慎。该段比[E]段论述的问题严重。况且[D]段句首提到A sobering fact“一个严重的事实是……”,与[C]段the first fact首尾呼应,完成了关于预防盗窃的全部论述,最后[A]段是关于窃贼已入侵你家中的情况了。因此[E]段应该放在[D]段之前。






不要将多余的钥匙放在方便隐藏的地方。窃贼第一眼看的地方就是门口擦鞋垫下面或者花盆里,甚至其他任何更具有想象力的地方也很快会被窃贼发现的地方。把钥匙留给一个值得信赖的邻居更为安全。但是如果你的房子位于僻静的地方,应该意识到那可能是窃贼的梦想之地。因此应在房子外面安装保险灯以制止任何可能的罪犯接近你的房子。 ([G])






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