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2017公共英语考试PETS二级短文理解测试(4)

发表时间:2016/12/7 15:48:32 来源:互联网 点击关注微信:关注中大网校微信

第21题单选修改

阅读下列短文,回答{TSE}题目.

It is often difficult for a man to be quite sure what tax he ought to pay to the government because it depends on so many different things:whether the man is married;how many children he has;whether he supports any relations;how much he earns;how much interest he receives;how much he has spent on his house during the year,and SO on and SO forth.All this makes it difficult to decide exactly how much the tax is.

There was a certain artist who was always very careful to pay the proper amount.

One year,after posting his check as usual,he began to wonder if he had paid enough,and after a lot of work,with a pencil and paper,he decided that he had not.He believed that he owed the government something.

He was just writing another check to send to the tax-collector when the postman dropped a letter into the box at the front door.Opening it,the artist was surprised to find inside it a check for five pounds from the tax—collector.The official explmned that too much had been paid,and that therefore the difference was now returned to the taxpayer.

{TS} It is mentioned in the passage that one has to pay tax according__________.

A.how much education one has received

B.whether one is single or married

C.how old one’s children are

D.where one lives

参考答案:B

参考解析: 参考译文

一个人往往很难确切地知道他应该向政府交多少税。交税的金额由很多方面决定:是否已婚、孩子的多少、是否要资助亲戚、挣多少钱、能得到多少利息以及每年在房子上花费多少钱等等。所有这些方面使得很难决定税款的确切数额。有个艺术家,他总是很小心地缴纳合适的税款数额。有一年,他照例邮寄了纳税支票后,却开始怀疑自己是否交足了税额。用纸笔经过一番计算后,他认为自己没有交够,还欠政府一些钱。

但是正在他写另一张缴税支票时,邮递员在他前门的邮箱里放了一封信。打开后,艺术家惊奇地发现原来是税务官寄来的5镑的支票。税务官解释说,他的税额交多了,因此,多余的税款现在要退还纳税人。

答案及解析

B【解析】事实细节题。题干意为“文章提到,一个人应该根据什么来缴税?”由文章的第一段第一句话看出,一个人所缴税款是由很多方面决定的。whether the man is married是其中的一项。所以正确的答案为B。

第22题单选修改

The underlined word“proper”in the second paragraph means__________.

A.small

B.big

C.right

D.wrong

参考答案:C

参考解析:C【解析】词语释义题。题干意为“第二段第一行‘proper’的意思是什么?”“proper”的意思是“适当的,合适的”。由文章的最后两段可知,艺术家担心自己这次缴税不够,打算再次补交。所以他以前交的都是合适的。所以正确的答案为C。

第23题单选修改

After a lot of work,the artist thought.that:he had paid the government__________.

A.less tax than he should have

B.more tax than he should have

C.as much tax as usual

D.just enough tax

参考答案:A

参考解析:A【解析】事实细节题。题干意为“经过计算后,艺术家认为这次他缴纳的税款如何?”从文章的第三段内容可知,He believed that heowed the govemment something.根据意思,他认为自己仍欠政府的钱,缴纳的应该比实际缴的多。所以正确的答案为A。

第24题单选修改

Why did the tax-collector send a letter to the artist?

A.To send him a new tax form.

B.To return the money over-paid.

C.To remind him of paying the tax.

D.To explain the rules of tax-paying.

参考答案:B

参考解析:B【解析】推理判断题。题干意为“为什么税务官给艺术家寄一封信?”由文章的最后一句话可知,too much had been paid,他的税额交多了,因此,多余的税款现在退还纳税人。所以正确的答案为B。

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