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2017年职称英语综合类A级阅读理解讲义

发表时间:2016/12/22 10:36:53 来源:互联网 点击关注微信:关注中大网校微信

Microchip Research Center Created

A research center has been set up in this Far Eastern country to develop advanced microchip production technology. The center, which will start out with about US $14 million, will help the country develop its chip industry without always depending on imported technology.

The center will make use of its research skills and facilities to develop new technology for domestic chip plants. The advent of the center will possibly free the country from the situation that it is always buying almost-outdated technologies from other countries, said the country’s flagship chipmaker.1 Currently, chip plants in this country are in a passive situation because many foreign governments don’t allow them to import the most advanced technologies, fearing they will be used for military purposes. Moreover, the high licensing fees they have to pay to technology providers are also an important reason for their decision of self-reliance2.

As mainstream chip production technology shifts from one generation to the next every three to five years3, plants with new technology can make more powerful chips at lower costs, while4 plants with outdated equipment, which often cost billions of dollars to build, will be marginalized by the maker.

More than 10 chip plants are being built, each costing millions of US dollars.5 The majority of that money goes to overseas equipment vendors and technology owners — mainly from Japan and Singapore.

Should the new center play a major role in improving the situation in the industry,6 the country admits the US $14 million investment is still rather small. This country is developing comprehensive technologies. Most of the investment will be spent on setting alliances with technology and intellectual property7 owners. 词汇: microchip / 5maIkrEJtFIp / n.微芯片 marginalize /`mB:dVInLlaIz/ v.忽视,边缘化 flagship /5flA^FIp/ n. (用作定语 )首位,最好 vendor /5vendC:/ n.卖主mainstream /5meInstri:m/ n.主流 注释:

1. The advent of the center will possibly free the country from the situation that it is always buying almost-outdated technologies from other countries, said the country’s flagship chipmaker:这个国家名列首位的芯片制造公司说,

芯片中心的成立可能使这个国家摆脱从他国购买即将淘汰的技术的困境。

1) free … from …:把……从……解放出来 2) situation that = situation in which

3) said the country’s flagship chipmaker:把“谁说的”放在句末,是为了突出“ The advent … other countries”所表达的事实。注意放在句末时用的是倒装句: said the contry’s flagship chipmaker。

2. self-reliance:自力更生

3. every three to five years:每隔 3~5年

4. while:而(表示对比)

5. More than 10 chip plants are being built, each costing millions of US dollars:十几个芯片厂正在建设之中,每一个厂的造价都在几百万美元。 each costing millions of US dollars是独立分词构,用作状话,进一步说明情况。

6. Should the new center play a major role in improving the situation in the industry:如果新建的芯片中心能在改善该国在芯片行业的(被动 )形势中起重要作用…… Should … in the industry是虚拟条件句,也可写成 If the new center should play a major role in improving the situation in the industry …

7. intellectual property:知识产权练习:

1. The country says that the investment of US $14 million is big enough for developing that country’s chip industry. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

2. That country gives top priorities to developing chips for military purposes. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

3. Although the licensing fees are not very high, that Far Eastern country cannot afford to pay. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned.

4. Many western countries ban the exporting of the most advanced chip-making technologies to that country to prevent them from being used for military purposes. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

5. Currently, almost all the flagship chipmakers in that country are owned by American investors. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

6. Mainstream chip production technology develop rapidly. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

7. More than 10 chip plants being built in that country are an example of self-reliance. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

答案与题解 :

1. B 本题给出的信息是错误的。最后一段说到,如果新建的芯片中心能在改善该国在芯片行业的被动形势中起重要作用,该国认为:“… the US $14 million investment is still rather small”。

2. C文章没有提供这方面的信息。

3. C文章没有提供这方面的信息。

4. A 本题给出的信息是正确的。第二段有这样一句话: Currently, chip plants in this country are in a passive situation because many foreign governments don’t allow them to import the most advanced technologies, fearing they will be used for military purposes.这就是选 A的依据。

5. C文章没有提供这方面的信息。

6. A 选 A的依据是第三段第一句: mainstream chip production technology shifts from one generation to the next every three to five years.

7. B本题给出的信息是错误的。第四段第二句说明,这些芯片工厂的技术主要是从日本和新加坡进口的。

                           

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