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职称英语考试综合类补全短文辅导9

发表时间:2018/2/12 11:29:33 来源:互联网 点击关注微信:关注中大网校微信

Heat Is Killer

Extremely hot weather is common in many parts of the world. Although hot weather just makes most people feel hot, it can cause serious medical problems — even death. Floods, storms, volcano eruptions and other natural disasters kill thousands of people every year. (l) .Experts say heat may be nature's deadliest killer. Recently, extreme heat was blamed for killing more than one hundred people in India. It is reported that the total heat of a hot day or several days can affect health. ( 2) .Experts say heat waves often become dangerous when the nighttime temperature does not drop much from the highest daytime temperature. This causes great stress on the human body.

(3) . Stay out of the sun, if possible. Drink lots of cool water. Wear light colored clothing made of natural materials ; avoid wearing synthetic clothing. Make sure the clothing is loose,permitting freedom of movement1. And learn the danger signs of the medical problems, such as headache and vomiting, that are linked to heat. (4) . The pain is a warning that the body is becoming too hot. Doctors say those suffering headache or muscle pain should stop all activity and rest in a cool place and drink cool liquids. Do not return to physical activity3 for a few hours because more serious conditions could develop.

Doctors say some peoples face an increased danger from heat stress. (5).

Hot weather also increases dangers for people who must take medicine for high blood pressure4,poor blood flow,nervousness or depression.

词汇:

eruption .爆发,喷发 vomit 呕吐

deadly 致命的 muscle肌肉 synthetic 合成的

注释:

1.Make sure the clothing is loose, permitting freedom of movement.衣月艮——定要宽松,以便活 .动自如。make sure意为“确信,保证”,其后面从句的谓语要用一般现在时。一如:Make sure the door is locked before you leave0 permitting freedom of movement 是分词短语,用做目的状语。

2.The pain is a warning that the body is becoming too hot.疼痛是一个警告,说明你的身体过热。that the body is becoming too hot 是同位语从句,与 warning 同位,说明 warning 的 内容

3.physical activity :体力活动

4.Hot weather also increases dangers for people who must take medicine for high blood pressure ...: 炎热天气对于那些必须服药以控制血压的人,??…也增加了危险性。

练习:

A Such persons have a weak or damaged heart, high blood pressure, or other problems of the blood system.

B Several of these conditions are present at the same time.

C Most people suffer only muscle pain as a result of heat stress.

D Several hot days are considered a heat wave.

E So does extreme heat.

F Doctors say people can do many things to protect themselves from the dangers of extreme heat.

答案与题解:

1.E本文&标题是Heat Is Killer,通篇文章说的是heat的危害性及预防方法。“空1”前面的 句子是,"Floods,storms, volcano eruptions and other natural events kill thousands of people every year",“空 1”后面的句子是,“…heat may be nature's deadliest killer"。所以这里应将最致命的杀手E提出。

2.D “空2”后面的句子说到heat waves,而选项D的句子中也出现heat wave,说明这两个句子意思上有联系。“空2”的句子是对“heatwave”下定义,为下一句的展开作了铺垫。D是答案。

3.F第一段末尾说,白天的热浪,如果到夜晚没有降温,会给身体带来巨大压力,这是很危险的。第二段就列举了许多保护自己免受高温伤害的方法。“空3”的句子应该是位于段首的 概括句。选项F说人们有多种办法保护自己,完全符合要求,因此是答案。

4.C紧跟“空4”后面句子中有特指的the pain,说明前文一定出现过pain这个词。选项C 的句子中有pain,且C的句子填入后,上下文意思连贯,所以是答案。

5.A “空5”前面的句子意思为:某些人在热浪期间特别危险。读者或许会问,是哪些人呢? 选项A回答了这个问题,所以是答案。

译文:高温杀手

世界各地常常会出现高温天气。别以为高温仅仅让人们感觉炎热,实际上它还会引发疾病——甚至死亡。每年数苄万人死于洪水、风暴、火山喷发和其他自然灾害。极热天气也是如此。专家指出,高温可能是大自然最致命的杀手。近来,印度有一百多人死于高温天气。据报道,一天或七天里遭受持续高温的袭击将影响健康。持续几天的高温被称为热浪。专家?K,白天的热浪, 如果到夜晚没有降温,:会给身体带来巨大压力,这是很危险的。

医生说,人们有很多方法保护自己免受高温的侵害。如果可能的话,尽量避免阳光直射,多喝凉水。要穿天然材料制作的浅色服装,不穿合成面料服装。衣服一定要宽松,以便活动自如。了解高温引发疾病的危险信号,比如头疼、呕吐。大多数人遭受高温仅会感到肌肉疼痛。疼痛是一个警告,说明你的身体过热。医生提出,一旦感觉头疼和肌肉疼痛就应该停止一切活动,在阴凉地方休息,喝清凉饮料。几小时内都不要进行体力活动,否则还会导致更严重的状况。

医生还指出,一些特殊群体在热浪期间特别危险。他们心脏衰弱、有高血压或其他心血管病。炎热天气对于那些必须服药以控制血压、血流不畅、精神紧张、抑郁的人也是特别危险的。

报考条件:综合类,理工类,卫生类考试原则上没有严格的界限。职称英语考试报名可在单位报,评职称与户口无关,主要看你的工作单位,所以你可以直接咨询单位的人事部门,如果他们说可以就行,每个省规定不大一样。【查看详情

报考选择:职称英语报考科目|级别选择|报名条件及相关问题解答

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