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2015年职称英语考试卫生类模拟试题十八

发表时间:2015/2/16 9:14:44 来源:互联网 点击关注微信:关注中大网校微信

Exercise Can Replace Insulin for Elderly Diabetics

Most older people with so-called type IIdiabetes could stop taking insulin if they would do brisk exercise for 30minutes just three times a week, according to new medical research resultsreported in the Copenhagen newspaper Berlingske Tidende on Monday

Results from tests conducted on diabeticsat the Copenhagen Central Hospital Rigshospitalet's Center for Muscle Researchshowed that physical exercise can boost the body's ability to utilize insulinby 30 per cent, the newspaper reported

This is equal to the effect most elderlydiabetics get from their insulin medication today, it said

Researchers had a group of non-diabetic menand a group of men with type,all morethan 60 years of age, exercise on bicycles six times a week for three monthsAfter the three months the doctors measuredhow much sugar the test subjects' muscles could utilise as a measure for howwell their insulin worked.

Associate Professor DrFlemming Dela of the Muscle Research Centersaid the tests demonstrated that the exercising diabetics had just as highinsulin utilisation as the healthy non-exercising persons

"This means that the insulin worksjust as well for both groupsPhysicalexercise cannot cure people of diabetes,4 but it can eliminate almost all theirsymptomsAt the sametime it can put off the point at which they have to begin taking insulin orperhaps completely avoid insulin treatment"Dela was quoted as saying

Insulin isa hormone produced by thepancreas, controlling sugar in the body and used against diabetes

Dela said that to achieve the desiredeffect diabetics need only exercise to the point where they begin to work up asweat, but that the activity has to be maintained since it wears off after fivedays without sufficient exercise

Most diabetics realise that they have towatch their diet while remaining unaware of the importance of exercise, Delaadded

练习:

1How could most elderly type II diabetics stop takinginsulin?

A  By taking more salt than usual

B  By taking less salt than usual

C  By doing brisk exercise for half anhour at least three times a week

D  By going climbin9swimming or boxing every day

2Physical exercise may increase the body ability toutilise insulin by

A  70 per cent  B 30 per cent   C  60 per cent   D only a few per cent

3. The subjects of the research testsconducted at the Copenhagen Central Hospital included

A  elderly non-diabetic men   B elderly type II diabetic men

C  both sexes of all ages     D  both A and B 

4. To what a degree have diebetics toexercise in order to achieve the desired effect?

A To the degree where they begin to sweat

B To the degree where they feel exhausted

C To the point when they feel thirsty

D To the point when they have to takeinsulin

5.According to Delaamong most diabetics the importance ofexercise isof watching their diet

A as poorly understood as      B as well understood as

C less understood than          D better understood than the importance

答案与题解:  

1文章一开始就有此问题的明确答案。至于吃多少盐或者从事其他剧烈运动文章自始至终都没有提到。

2文章第二段说到,体育锻炼能将身体利用胰岛素的能力提高30%。

3此题答案在文章第四段,实验对象既有Ⅱ型糖尿病患者,也有健康人,而且都是60岁以上的男人。

4A文章倒数第二段说到,体育锻炼只要达到出汗的程度就能起作用。

5C最后一段明确说到,大多数糖尿病患者知道必须注意饮食,但却并不知道体育锻炼的重要性。

 


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