五、用铅笔这样划答案：[A] [B] [C] [D]，用其他符号答题者不记分。
Part I Reading Comprehension （30%）
Directions： There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A， B， C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage：
Television has opened windows in everybody's life. Young men will never again go to war as they did in 1914. Millions of people now have seen the effects of a battle. And the result has been a general dislike of war， and perhaps more interest in helping those who suffer from all the terrible things that have been shown on the sc-Teen.
Television has also changed politics. The most distant areas can now follow state affairs， see and hear the politicians before an election. Better informed， people are more likely to vote， and so to make their opinion count.
Unfortunately， television's influence has been extremely harnfful to the young. （76） Children do not have enough experience to realize that TV shows present an unreal world； that TV advertisements lie to sell products that are sometimes bad or useless. They believe that the violence they see is normal and acceptable. All educators agree that the “television generations” are more violent than their parents and grandparents.
Also， the young are less patient. （77） Used to TV shows， where everything is quick and interesting， they do not have the patience to read an article without pictures； to read a book that requires thinking； to listen to a teacher who doesn't do funny things like the people on children's programs. And they expect all problems to be solved happily in ten， fifteen， or thirty minutes. That's the time it takes on the screen.
1. In the past， many young people__________.
A. knew the effects of war
B. went in for politics
C. liked to save the wounded in wars
D. were willing to be soldiers
2. Now with TV people can__________.
A. discus politics at an information center
B. show more interest in politics
C. make theft own decisions on political affairs
D. express their opinions freely
3. The author thinks that TV advertisements__________.
A. are not reliable on the whole
B. are useless to people
C. are a good guide to adults
D. are very harmful to the young
4. Which is NOT true according to the passage？
A. People have become used to crimes now.
B. With a TV set some problems can be solved quickly.
C. People now like to read books with pictures.
D. The adults are less violent than the young.
5. From the passage， we can conclude that__________.
A. children should keep away from TV
B. TV programs should be improved
C. children's books should have pictures
D. TV has a deep influence on the young
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage：
Nonverbal （非语言的） communication has to do with gestures， movements and closeness of two people when they are talking. （78） The scientists say that those gestures， movements and so on have meaning which words do not carry.
For example， the body distance between two speakers can be important. North Americans often complain that South Americans are unfriendly because they tend to stand close to the North American when speaking， while the South American often considers the NorthAmerican to be “cold”“or ”distant“”because he keeps a greater distance between himself and the person he is speaking to. The “eye contact” provides another example of what we are calling nonverbal communication. Scientists have observed that there is more eye contact between people who like each other than there is between people who don't like each other. （79） The length of time that the person whom you are speaking to looks at your eyes indicates the amount of interest he has in the things you are talking about.
On the other hand， too long a gaze can make people uncomfortable. The eyes apparently play a great part in nonverbal communication. Genuine warmth or interest， shyness or confidence can often be seen in the eyes. We do not always consider a smile to be a sign of friendliness. Someone who is always smiling， and with little apparent reasons， often makes us uneasy.
6. According to the passage， nonverbal communication__________.
A. is a method often used by people who cannot speak
B. can tell something that words cannot
C. can be used to talk with people who cannot bear
D. is less used than words
7. The South American__________.
A. tends to keep a distance between himself and the person he is speaking to
B. usually stands close to the person he is talking to
C. is often unfriendly when spoken to
D. is often cold and distant when speaking
8. Which of the following is NOT true？
A. Less eye contact suggests distance in relation.
B. The longer one looks at you， the more interest he has in you.
C. There is more eye contact between people who like each other.
D. Shorter eye contact shows more interest in what one is talking about
9. Too long a gaze__________.
A. may upset people being looked at
B. shows one's great confidence
C. indicates one's interest in the talk
D. tells you how friendly one is
10. Constant smiling without apparent reason__________.
A. is a sign of one's friendliness
B. is a sign of one's unfriendliness
C. makes people feel happy
D. makes people feel uncomfortable
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage：
In the United States elementary education begins at the age of six. At this stage nearly ail the teachers are women， mostly married. （76） The atmosphere is usually very friendly， and the teachers have now accepted the idea that the important thing is to make the children happy and interested. The old authoritarian （要绝对服从的） methods of education were discredited （不被认可） rather a long time ago - so much so that many people now think that they have gone too far in the direction of trying to make children happy and interested rather than giving them actual instruction.
The social education of young children tries to make them accept the idea that human beings in a society need to work together for their common good. So the emphasis is on co-operation rather than competition throughout most of this process. This may seem curious， in view of the fact that American society is highly competitive； however， the need for making people sociable in this sense has come to be regarded as one of the functions of education. Most Americans do grow up with competitive ideas， and obviously quite a few as criminals， but it is not fair to say that the educatio