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2013年教师招聘中学英语考试预测试题及答案一

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2013年教师招聘中学英语考试预测试题及答案一
Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Grammar 20%
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in the following. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. 1.— Could you help me do some cleaning tomorrow?
— If I (   ) , I will do it.
A.am free                     
B.will be free
C.will have time             
 D.had time
2.Tim will call me as soon as he(   )my package.
A.receive    
B.will receive    
C.received     
D.receives
3.The film was a good one, but I couldn’t understand it(   )first.
A.at       
B.with       
C.for       
D.on
4. (   )away this dirty shirt and bring me a clean one.
A.Pick        
B.Bring       
C.Carry       
D.Take
5.There is a(   )of impatience in the tone of his voice.
A.dot       
B.hint       
C.notion        
D.phrase
6.Mr.Smith asked his secretary to(   )a new paragraph in the annual report she was typing.
A.invade      
B.install     
C.insert     
D.inject
7.Some people argue that the death does not(   )necessarily reduce the number of murders.
A.penalty      
B.pattern      
C.plot      
D.practice
8.You may use the room as you like (  )you clean it up afterwards.
A.so far as     
B.so long as    
C.in case     
D.even if
9.—Why does the Lake smell terrible?
—Because it(   ) large quantities of water.
A.have polluted                
B.is being polluted
C.has been polluted            
D.have been polluted
10.During the war there was a serious lack of food. It was not unusual that even the wealthy families had to (   )bread for days.
A.eat up    
B.give away    
C.do without     
D.deal with
11.Most Americans would prefer to keep their problems (  )themselves, and solve their problems(  ) themselves.
A.to; by     
B.by; to     
C.for; to     
D.in; on
12.Because of the financial crisis, (  )days are gone local 5star hotels charged 6,000 Yuan for one night.
A.if      
B.when      
C.which       
D.since
13.They’ve won their last three matches, (   )I find a bit surprising.
A.that       
B.when        
C.what        
D.which
14.I felt so bad all day yesterday that I decided this morning I couldn’tface(   ) day like that.
A.other      
B.another     
C.the other      
D.others
15.Dr.Smith, together with his wife and daughters, (   )visit Beijing this summer.
A.is going to              
B.are going to
C.was going to             
D.were going to
16.They used to quarrel a lot, but now they are completely (  )with each other.
A.reconciled   
B.negotiated  
C.associated  
D.accommodated
Ⅱ.Reading Comprehension 20%
Directions: There are two passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.You should decide on the BEST CHOICE.
Passage One
Lisa was running late. Lisa, 25, had a lot to do at work, plus visitors on the way: her parents were coming in for Thanksgiving from her hometown. But as she hurried down the subway stairs, she started to feel uncomfortably warn. By the time she got to the platform, Lisa felt weak and tired—maybe it hadn’t been a good idea to give blood the night before, she thought. She rested herself against a post close to the tracks. Several yards away, Frank, 43, and his girlfriend, Jennifer, found a spot close to where the front of the train would stop. They were deep in discussion about a house they were thinking of buying. But when he heard the scream, followed by someone yelling, “Oh, my God, she fell in!” Frank didn’t hesitate. He jumped down to the tracks and ran some 40 feet toward the body lying on the rails. “No! Not you!” his girlfriend screamed after him. She was right to be alarmed. By the time Frank reached Lisa, he could feel the tracks shaking and see the light coming. The train was about 20 seconds from the station.
It was hard to lift her. She was just out. But he managed to raise her the four feet to the platform so that bystanders could hold her by the grins and drag her away from the edge. That was where Lisa briefly regained consciousness, felt herself being pulled along the ground, and saw someone else holding her purse. Lisa thought she’d been robbed. A woman held her hand and a man gave his shirt to help stop the blood pouring from her head. And she tried to talk but she couldn’t, and that was when she realized how much pain she was in. Police and fire officials soon arrived, and Frank told the story to an officer. Jennifer said her boyfriend was calm on their 40minute train ride downtown—just as he had been seconds after the rescue, which made her think about her reaction at the time. “I saw the train coming and I was thinking he was going to die”, she explained.
(   )1.What was the most probable cause for Lisa’s weakness?
A.She had run a long way.
B.She felt hot in the subway.
C.She had done a 1ot of work.
D.She had donated blood the night before.
(   )2.Why did Jennifer try to stop her boyfriend?
A.Because they would miss their train.
B.Because he didnt see the train coming.
C.Because she was sure Lisa was hard to lift.
D.Because she was afraid the train would kill him.
(   )3.How did Frank save Lisa?
A.By lifting her to the platform.
B.By helping her rise to her feet.
C.By pulling her along the ground.
D.By dragging her away from the edge.
(   )4.When did Lisa become conscious again?
A.When the train was leaving.
B.After she was back on the platform.
C.After the police and fire officials came.
D.When a man was cleaning the blood from her head.
(   )5.The passage is intended to .
A.warn us of the danger in the subway
B.show us how to save people in the subway
C.tell us about a subway rescue
D.report a traffic accident
Passage Two
In a country that defines itself by ideals, not by shared blood, who should be allowed to work and live here? In the wake of the Sept.11 attacks these questions have never seemed more pressing.
On Dec.11,2001, as part of the effort to increase homeland security, federal and local authorities in 14 states staged “Operation Safe Travel” —raids on airports to arrest employees with false identification(身份证明). In Salt Lake City there were 69 arrests. But those captured were anything but terrorists, most of them illegal immigrants from Central or South American. Authorities said the undocumented worker’s illegal status made them open to blank mall(讹诈)by terrorists. Many immigrants in Salt Lake City were angered by the arrests and said they felt as if they were being treated like disposable goods. Mayor Anderson said those feelings were justified to a certain extent. “We’re saying we want you to work in these places. We’re going to look the other way in terms of what our laws are, and then when it’s convenient for us, or when we can try to make a point in terms of national security, especially after Sept.11, then you’re disposable. There are whole families being uprooted for all of the wrong reasons.” Anderson said.
If Sept.11 had never happened, the airport workers would not have been arrested and could have gone on quietly living in America, probably indefinitely. Ana Castro, a manager at a Ben & Jerry’s ice cream shop at the airport, had been working 10 years with the same false Social Security card when she was arrested in the December airport raid. Now she and her family are living under the threat of deportation. Castro’s case is currently waiting to be settled. While she awaits the outcome, the government has granted her permission to work here and she has returned to her job at Ben & Jerry’s.
(   )6.According to the author, the United States claims to be a nation.
A.composed of people having different values
B.encouraging individual pursuits
C.sharing common interests
D.founded on shared ideals
(   )7.How did the immigrants in Salt Lake City feel about “Operation Safe Travel”?
A.Guilty.
B.Offended.
C.Disappointed.
D.Discouraged.
(   )8.Undocumented workers became the target of “Operation Safe Travel” because.
A.evidence was found that they were potential terrorists
B.most of them worked at airports under threat of terrorists
C.terrorists might take advantage of their illegal status
D.they were reportedly helping hide terrorists around the airport
(   )9.By saying “…we’re going to look the other way in terms of what our laws are”, Mayor Anderson means “”.
A.we will turn a blind eye to your illegal status
B.we will examine the laws in a different way
C.there are other ways of enforcing the law
D.the existing laws must not be ignored
(   )10.What do we learn about Ana Castro from the last paragraph?
A.She will be deported sooner or later.
B.She is allowed to stay permanently.
C.Her case has been dropped.
D.Her fate remains uncertain.
Ⅲ.Proofreading and Error Correction 10%
Directions: There is one passage in this part. The passage contains no more than TEN errors. Each indicated line contains a maximum of ONE error. In each case, only ONE word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it.
In 1620, about half the USA were covered by forests.1.
Today the forests have almost gone. A lot of good land has gone them,2.
leave only sand. China doesn’t  want to copy the USA’s example. 3.
We’re planting more and more trees. We’ve built the “Great Green Wall” 4.
of trees cross northern part of our country. The Great Green Wall 5.
is 7,000 kilometers long, and between 400 to 1,700 kilometers wide. 6.
It will stop the wind from blow the earth away. It will stop the sand from 7.
moving towards to the rich farmland in the south. More “Great Green Walls” 8.
are needed. Trees must be grow all over the world. 9.
Great Green Walls will make the world worse. 10.
Ⅳ.Translation 15%
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese.
Winners do not dedicate their lives to a concept of what they imagine they should be: rather, they are themselves and as such do not use their energy putting on a performance, maintaining pretence, and manipulating others. They are aware that there is a difference between being loving and acting loving, between being stupid and acting stupid, between being knowledgeable and acting knowledgeable. Winners do not need to hide behind a mask.
Winners are not afraid to do their own thinking and to use their own knowledge. They can separate facts from opinions and don’t pretend to have all the answers. They listen to others, evaluate what they say, but come to their own conclusions. Although winners can adore and respect other people, they are not totally defined, demolished, bound, or awed by them.
Winners do not play “helpless”, nor do they play the blaming game. Instead, they assume responsibility for their own lives.
Ⅴ. Writing 10%
Directions: Write a composition of 120~150 words about travelling in a foreign country.
【参考答案】
Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Grammar
1.A 【解析】在 if 引导的条件状语从句中,如果从句谈论的是一个有可能发生的事实及其产生的相关的结果,主句用一般将来时态,从句用一般现在时态。
2.D 【解析】as soon as 意为“一……就……”,引导时间状语从句时,表示主句动作紧接着从句动作发生。主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时。
3.A 【解析】at first为固定搭配,意为“起初,当初”。
4.D 【解析】take away意为“拿走”。
5.B 【解析】dot意为“点”;hint意为“暗示,细微的迹象”;notion意为“概念,看法”;phrase意为“短语,词组”。这句话的意思是“他的声音里有不耐烦的意味”。
6.C 【解析】invade意为“侵入,侵略”;install意为“安顿,安置”;insert意为“插入,嵌入”;inject意为“注射,注入”。
7.A 【解析】death penalty意为“死刑”。
8.B 【解析】该句话的意思是:“只要你用扫把把房子打扫干净,你就可以按照你喜欢的方式使用这间房子。”so long as意为“只要”。
9.D 【解析】考查动词时态,语态和主谓语一致。根据前一分句可知所填动词表示已经发生的动作对现在产生的影响,时态用现在完成时,动词与主语是被动关系,用被动语态。主语是large quantities of water,其中心词是quantities,是复数,谓语动词用复数,故选D。
10.C 【解析】考查动词短语。根据上句During the war there was a serious lack of food可推测出“即使是富裕家庭也得几天吃不上面包”,应选择do without表示“不用/吃……勉强度过”。eat up意为“吃完”,give away意为“分发,放弃,泄漏,丧失”,deal with意为“应付,处理”。
11.A 【解析】句意为:“大多数美国人宁愿自己面对问题并自己解决他们的问题。”By oneself表示“单独地,独自地”的意思。首先确定第二个空应为“by”,从而排除B、C、D三项。
12.B 【解析】本句意为“由于金融危机,当地五星级酒店一晚收费6000元的日子不复存在了。”when引导的从句做“days”的定语。
13.D 【解析】本句意思是“我发现他们已经赢得了最后的三场比赛,这一点令人有点吃惊”,which代指上句“They’ve won their last three matches”,做“find”的宾语,故选D。
14.B 【解析】本句的意思是:“我昨天一整天感到很糟糕,所以我今天早晨决定不能再面对那样的一天了。”是指在未来的日子中的任意一天,故用another。
15.A 【解析】考查动词时态和主谓一致。主语中心词是Dr.Smith,表单数,谓语动词用单数形式;时间状语是this summer,表计划性的将来,故时态用一般将来时,选A。
16.A 【解析】reconcile意为“使和好,使和解”;negotiate意为“谈判,协商”;associate意为“联合”;accommodate意为“容纳,使适应”。
Ⅱ.Reading Comprehension
1-5 DDABC6-10 DBCCD
Ⅲ.Proofreading and Error correction
1.were→was
2.第二个gone→gone with
3.leave→leaving
4.√
5.cross→across
6.to→and
7.blow→blowing
8.to去掉
9.grow→grown
10.worse→better
Ⅳ.Translation
【参考答案】成功者不会毕生致力于这样一种构想:即想象自己应该成为何种人。相反,他们即他们自己。因此,他们不会费神去装腔作势,故作姿态,摆布他人。他们明白:爱与装爱,傻与装傻,知与装知,真正博学与假装博学之间是有区别的。成功者无须躲在面具后面。
成功者敢于独立思考,敢于运用自己的知识。他们能够把事实从纷繁的意见中剥离出来,而又不会假装无所不知。他们倾听他人的意见,品评他人的言论,却能得出自己的结论。虽然成功者也钦佩他人,尊敬他人,但是,他们不会完全被他人所规定、所摧垮、所束缚、所吓倒。
成功者不会假装无助,也不会怨天尤人。相反,他们承担起自己生命的责任。
Ⅴ.Writing
【参考答案】略。

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